History of fashion design

46
593

The history of fashion design refers to the development of the fashion industry which designs clothing and accessories. The modern industry, based around firms or fashion houses run by individual designers, started in the 19th century with Charles Frederick Worth who was the first designer to have his label sewn into the garments that he created.

Dress designed by Charles Frederick Worth for Elisabeth of Austria painted by Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Couture beginnings. Rose Bertin (July 2, 1747 – September 22, 1813) was the dressmaker named bill to Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, and a high public profile. Sometimes called sarcastically the “Minister of Fashion”, she opened a shop in Paris and had a considerable influence on Parisian style, until this was drastically changed by the French Revolution, from which she fled into exile in London for some years.

An outsider to the French Court, Marie Antoinette relied on Bertin’s meticulous designs to help her “to combat her enemies with style”.[1] Marie Antoinette’s unique fashion preferences such as masculine riding breeches or simple muslin shift dressed, contrasted sharply with her elaborate gowns as the Queen attempted to create a persona that would allow the citizens of France to connect with her and her lifestyle. Although Marie Antoinette’s attempts were largely unsuccessful, the ways Bertin helped the Queen articulate herself through fashion were groundbreaking and set a precedent for monarchs who followed. [2]

An Englishman living in Paris, Charles Frederick Worth (1825 – 1905) is usually seen as the first designer in something like the modern sense, with a large business employing many largely anonymous tailors and seamstresses. A former draper, Worth’s success was such that he was able to dictate what they should wear to his customers. Launched into the spotlight as the Empress Eugénie’s primary designer, Worth used his royal connections to gain recognition and clients. The proclamation on February 1, 1853 by Napolón III that no visitors would be received to his court without formal dress meant that the popularity of Worth-style gowns was overwhelming. Ornately decorated and constructed from the finest materials, Worth’s gowns are well known for their crinolines (cage-like metal structures that held the dress out in a stylish shape. Throughout the early 20th century, practically all high fashion originated in Paris and to a lesser extent London. Fashion magazines from other countries sent editors to the Paris fashion shows. Department stores sent buyers to the Paris shows, where they purchased garments to copy (and openly stole the style lines and trim details of others). Both made-to-measure salons and ready-to-wear departments featured the latest Paris trends, adapted to the stores’ assumptions about the lifestyles and pocket books of their targeted customers.

At this time in history the division between haute couture and ready-to-wear was not sharply defined. The two separate modes of production were still far from being competitors and they often co-existed in houses where the seamstresses moved freely between made-to-measure and ready-made.

Around the start of the 20th century fashion magazines began to include photographs and became even more influential. Throughout the world these magazines were greatly sought-after and had a profound effect on public taste. Talented illustrators – among them Paul Iribe, Georges Lepape, Erté, and George Barbier – drew attractive fashion plates for these publications, which covered the most recent developments in fashion and beauty. Perhaps the most famous of these magazines was La Gazette du Bon Ton which was founded in 1912 by Lucien Vogel and regularly published until 1925.

   Send article as PDF   

46 COMMENTS

  1. Pretty section of content. I simply stumbled upon your weblog
    and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.

    Any way I’ll be subscribing for your augment and even I achievement you access persistently rapidly.

  2. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up!
    I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later
    on. Many thanks

  3. Attractive element of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that
    I get in fact enjoyed account your weblog posts. Any way I will
    be subscribing on your feeds or even I achievement you get admission to consistently quickly.

  4. You could certainly see your expertise within the work you write.
    The sector hopes for even more passionate writers
    like you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. At
    all times go after your heart.

  5. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s new to
    me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be
    bookmarking and checking back often!

  6. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed
    surfing around your blog posts. In any case I’ll be
    subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon! pof natalielise

  7. Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this page to him.
    Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  8. Thank you for every other fantastic post. Where else may anyone get that kind of information in such a
    perfect method of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and
    I am at the look for such info.

  9. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove me from that service?
    Cheers!

  10. Its like you read my thoughts! You appear to know a lot about this, such
    as you wrote the book in it or something. I believe that
    you could do with a few p.c. to power the message house a bit, however instead of that, this is wonderful blog.
    A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

  11. Just wish to say your article is as astonishing. The clearness in your submit is just spectacular
    and that i could assume you are a professional in this subject.
    Well together with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to stay updated with drawing
    close post. Thanks one million and please continue the rewarding work.

  12. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time
    to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I
    want to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions.
    Perhaps you can write next articles referring
    to this article. I desire to read more things about it!

  13. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice at the same time as you amend your website, how
    can i subscribe for a weblog website? The account aided me
    a acceptable deal. I have been a little bit familiar of this
    your broadcast offered brilliant transparent idea

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

14 + fifteen =