Description of the Neem Tree (Azadirchata indica)
The neem tree, Azadirachta indica, a miracle plant as is popularly called is a tropical evergreen with a wide adaptability. Native to India and Burma, it has been transplanted to Africa, the Middle East, South America and Australia. It is especially suited to semi-arid conditions and thrives even in the poorest soil with rainfalls as little as 18 inches (450 mm) per year and temperatures up to 50° C (120° F). It may grow up to 50 feet (15 m) tall and live for 200 years.
Its blossoms are small, white flowers with a very sweet, jasmine-like scent. Its edible fruit — loved by children in Africa — is about 3/4 of an inch (2 cm) long, with white kernels. A neem tree generally begins bearing fruits at three to five years of age, and can produce up to 50 kg (110 lbs.) of fruit annually when mature. The pinnate leaves have a very bitter taste and a garlic-like smell.
Due to its medical and insecticidal properties, the neem tree has been widely used in the traditional medicine and agriculture in India. Apart form Azadirchata indica there are two other know species of neem: siamensis azadirachtaand exceisa azadirachta
Different parts of Neem tree and its oil extracted out of seed is being used in different parts of the world for different purposes. Two decades of research has revealed promising results in many disciplines like medicines, cosmetics and agriculture etc. This obscure species may be on the cusp of bringing enormous benefits to countries both poor and rich. Even some of the most cautious researchers are saying that Neem deserves to be called a wonder plant. These days many types of products are being consumed in daily life around the world made out of Neem and it’s by-products.
MEDICINAL USES OF NEEM
PART MEDICINAL USE
Leaf: Leprosy ,eye problem ,epistaxis ,intestinal worms, skin ulcer, antiretroviral, anorexia, biliousness
Bark: Analgesic ,alternative and curative of fever
Flower :Bile suppression ,elimination of intestinal worms and phlegm
Fruit :Piles, urinary disorder ,eye problem,diabetes,phlegm wounds and leprosy.
Twig: Cough, asthma ,piles ,phantom tumour, intestinal worms, spermatorrhoea obstinate urinary disorder, diabetes.
Gum :Scabies, wounds, ulcers, skin diseases .
Seed : Leprosy and intestinal worms
Oil: Leprosy and intestinal worms.
|25 Healths Benefits Of Neem Leaf (dogoyaro)|
1. THe dry leaf contains important nutrients like Calcium, Iron, Vitamin C, Phosphorus, Polyphols,Tannins,Polysaccharides,Proteins and Coumarins
2. Good for: Diabetics,
4. Blood disorders
5. Imflamations like skin
6. Intestinal parasites
7. Jaundice and dysentry
9. Fungal infections
10. Hemorrhoids and leprosy
11. kills bacteria and viruses
12. Good for liver damage
14. High blood sugar
15. High blood pressure(HBP)
17. Contains anti-septic, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties
18. For dental health
19. Skin health such as acne, Eczema and athletes foot
20. Good for arthritis and Rheumatism due to its anti-inflammatory properties
21. Heart burn
23. Help remove toxins and reduce stomach acid
24. Antihistamine effects of nimbidin contained in neem leaves have been shown to cause blood vessels to dilate and reduce rapid heart rate
25. It is traditionally employed to reverse negative effects on the heart by lowering cholestrol and blood pressure, reducing risk of clothes and stress.